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The IEEE Council on Superconductivity Awards in the Field of Applied Superconductivity (2011)
American Superconductor Corporation
For significant and sustained contributions in the development of superconducting conductors, in particular:
- for his co-discovery of “giant flux creep” and the irreversibility line in high temperature superconductors (HTS), and applying these vortex physics concepts in developing practical HTS wires and their applications, and,
- for his leadership as Chief Technical Officer of American Superconductor Corporation in developing practical conductors and cables from HTS material for commercial applications.
International Superconductivity Technology Center
For significant and sustained contribution in the field of small scale applications of superconductivity, in particular:
- for directing the superconducting digital effort at Fujitsu Laboratories in the 1980s which developed a whole wafer process capable of fabricating fully functional niobium chips with Josephson junction densities greater than 20,0000,
- for fabricating and testing a superconducting microprocessor with a critical path capable of operating at frequencies more than 10 times faster than a comparable GaAs circuit, which was then state of the art, and
- in recent years, for directing the superconducting digital effort at the International Superconductivity Technology Center (ISTEC) in Japan
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Retired)
For significant and sustained contributions in the development of superconducting cables and conductors for magnet applications, in particular
- for directing the development of advanced Mn3Sn conductors and the use of this material in the design, construction and testing of the 50 mm bore Nb3Sn dipole magnet which achieved a world record field of 13.5 tesla,
- for directing the design and construction of a variety of high field (greater than 10 tesla) magnets for accelerator applications, and,
- for developing techniques for fabricating Rutherford- type cables (with up to 60 strands) from Bi-2212 high temperature superconducting wires.
For significant and sustained contributions in the development of low temperature superconducting wires, cables and conductors, in particular:
- for founding Supercon, Inc. in 1962 which has supplied production quantities of high-quality superconducting wire for a longer time than any other firm in the world, and,
- for producing a variety of niobium-titanium and niobium-tin superconducting wires, cables and conductors for many commercial and research application, especially most of the major accelerator programs.
M.I.T. Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory
For significant and sustained contribution in the field of large scale applications of superconductivity, in particular,
- for his pioneering work in developing techniques for making superconducting joints between NbTi and Nb3Sn wires, and most recently MgB2 wires;
- for formulating the basic design principles to enable high-performance ("adiabatic") LTS magnets used for NMR and MRI to operate nearly quench free;
- for applying HTS into NMR and MRI magnets.
- for educating students and postdocs, and hosting many visiting international scholars to the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory and,
- for authoring the informative textbooks, "Case Studies in Superconducting Magnets," 1st Edition (1994) and 2nd Edition (2009).
Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
For significant and sustained contribution in the field of large scale applications of superconductivity with emphasis on magnets for accelerator applications, in particular:
- for his efforts in leading the pioneering design, testing and commissioning of 1,000 superconducting magnets into the Tevatron at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the
- first large scale application of superconductivity, and,
- for his efforts in applying the technology of superconductivity to all areas of particle physics and for his leadership in the collaboration of applying high temperature superconductors to advanced accelerators such as a muon collider.
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, CEA-Cadarache, France
For significant and sustained contribution in the field of large scale applications of superconductivity, in particular:
- for the invention of the Tore Supra conductor and for his major role in the commissioning of the Tore Supra superconducting magnet system at CEA–Cadarache, which has been in operation for more than 20 years,
- for his involvement in the development of 40 kA dual channel niobium-tin cable in conduit, a new concept which has been selected for use in ITER, the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor, and,
- for playing a major role in demonstrating that superconductivity and fusion are compatible technologies.
For sustained service to the applied superconductivity community that has had a lasting influence on the advancement of the technology, in particular:
- for initiating and directing a broad research program in superconducting electronics devices, materials research, and large scale applications of superconductivity at the University of Twente which has made that institution one of the leading academic research centers in applied superconductivity worldwide, and,
- for initiating and leading a number of European consortia, such as the European Society of Applied Superconductivity (ESAS), which has helped to raise the level of excellence in superconductivity within Europe